Ficus carica

Ficus carica, commonly known as the common fig, is a species of flowering plant in the mulberry family (Moraceae). It is native to the Middle East and western Asia but is cultivated in many regions around the world for its edible fruit. The fig tree is known for its distinctive lobed leaves and sweet, pear-shaped fruits, which can be eaten fresh or dried. Ficus carica has been cultivated for thousands of years and holds cultural and culinary significance in various societies. The fruit of the common fig is not only enjoyed fresh but also used in cooking, baking, and as a source of nutrition.